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Public Executions In The Arena

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PARASCEVA OF IKONIUM CRUCIFIED AND TORTURED TO DEATH

Parasceva was the daughter of a Christian couple living in Ikonium (today: Konya (Turkey)) during the reign of Emperor Diocletianus. In 300 an emissary of the emperor came to Ikonium and organized the persecution of the Christians.
Parasceva was among those who refused to make a sacrifice to the pagan gods. She was arrested and cruelly tortured. The executioners suspended her from a tree and raked her with iron nails (or iron combs); they tore her flesh to the bones. Then they cast her into a prison cell to let her die. But her wounds healed miraculously overnight. On the next day she was crucified and tortured with torches. But she remained steadfast and refused to make the required sacrifice. In the end she was beheaded.

Gabriel Roman arena 367-1-.jpg Parasceva of Ikonium 2.jpg Parasceva of Ikonium.jpg parasceva of Ikonium 3 3.jpg
 
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PARASCEVA OF IKONIUM CRUCIFIED AND TORTURED TO DEATH

Parasceva was the daughter of a Christian couple living in Ikonium (today: Konya (Turkey)) during the reign of Emperor Diocletianus. In 300 an emissary of the emperor came to Ikonium and organized the persecution of the Christians.
Parasceva was among those who refused to make a sacrifice to the pagan gods. She was arrested and cruelly tortured. The executioners suspended her from a tree and raked her with iron nails (or iron combs); they tore her flesh to the bones. Then they cast her into a prison cell to let her die. But her wounds healed miraculously overnight. On the next day she was crucified and tortured with torches. But she remained steadfast and refused to make the required sacrifice. In the end she was beheaded.

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Nothing but trouble with those women folks! And such a effort for a single female!
 
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FIRMINA OF AMELIA TORTURED WITH TORCHES

Firmina lived towards the end of the 3rd Century in Amelia, a town in Umbria (today: Italy). Her family was wealthy; her father was a high-ranking Roman official.
When the persecution of Emperor Diocletianus began, she could have stayed in her rather remote home town and led an untroubled life. Instead, she chose to go to Rome and to support the Christian community there. Firmina was especially well remembered by those who had been sentenced to forced labour in the Roman quarries.
Then, however, Firmina was arrested as a Christian herself. As the Christians refused to make sacrifices to the god-emperor, they were thought to be illoyal subjects or even traitors. However, the judge presiding over Firmina's trial was a just man and allowed the young woman to defend herself. She did this so well that the judge acquitted her; later he became a Christian himself.
But the persecution was still going on. In 303 Firmina was arrested again. This time her judge was a cruel and arrogant man who let her be tortured in order to make her renounce her faith. Firmina was tied to a column and burned with flaming torches, but she remained steadfast, and in the end the judge gave up and had her beheaded.

Gabriel Roman arena 379-1-.jpg Firmina 48985595.jpg
 

Eulalia

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Then they cast her into a prison cell to let her die. But her wounds healed miraculously overnight. On the next day she was crucified and tortured with torches. But she remained steadfast and refused to make the required sacrifice. In the end she was beheaded.
Miracles like that, curing her wounds so she can be tortured afresh each day -
make me wonder whose side God was on! :devil:
 

phlebas

PRIMUS POENUS
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View attachment 651164

LIVIA CALPURNIA, THE WIFE OF A TRAITOR GENERAL, IS TORTURED TO DEATH
Michele, this is quite a remarkable image. Simple yet tremendously effective, and leaving something to the imagination. We see the audience appreciate her agony, and fill in the blanks ourselves, she has a long and painful day ahead by the look of it.

The way you combine 3d and photo I have to ask - is the woman originally from a drawing, photo or render? I think she looks familiar.
 
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Michele, this is quite a remarkable image. Simple yet tremendously effective, and leaving something to the imagination. We see the audience appreciate her agony, and fill in the blanks ourselves, she has a long and painful day ahead by the look of it.

The way you combine 3d and photo I have to ask - is the woman originally from a drawing, photo or render? I think she looks familiar.
The woman is takem from a drawing by some Japanes artist. The background is a screenshot from the tv series "Spartacus" and the torturer is a photograph of a character from "Vikings".
 

phlebas

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The woman is takem from a drawing by some Japanes artist. The background is a screenshot from the tv series "Spartacus" and the torturer is a photograph of a character from "Vikings".
I thought so! I thought it looked familiar. From my archive 2007, it really works beautifully in your manip.

XT00782.jpg

I love the way you blend these elements so well, drawings, photos, 3d
 

Loxuru

Graf von Kreuzigung
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The woman is takem from a drawing by some Japanes artist.
The first proof of cultural exchange between Japan and the Roman Empire?;)

and the torturer is a photograph of a character from "Vikings".
Through the Viking's explorations?:confused:

Well, these three sources are brought well together in this manip!:clapping:
 
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VESTAL VIRGIN URBINIA WHIPPED BEFORE BEING BURIED ALIVE

Being a Vestal Virgin was a lifetime committment that required certain promises be made to the powerful position. Breaking a promise made in honor of the priesthood spelled certain disaster. For example, breaking the vow of celibacy usually meant execution for the former Virgin. Over the course of Roman history, the technique of execution that was employed varied. The final punishments inflicted upon the offending priestesses included (and were probably not limited to) being buried alive, being thrown into the Tiber River, and being publicly whipped. It was a strong incentive for a Virgin to keep her tunic down. Additionally, and most importantly, if a Vestal Virgin let the ceremonial fire at the Temple of Vesta burn out, she was also punished by execution.As mentioned before, the Vestal Virgins played a vital role in the Vestalia, the annual ritual in honor of their patron goddess, Vesta. The Vestal Virgins, through their social and personal sacrifices, were afforded many benefits traditionally permitted only to Roman men. The price at which these benefits came was potentially steep: execution. The earliest Vestals are believed to have been whipped to death for having sex and it was the last Roman King Tarquin, who instituted the punishment of burial alive which he inflicted upon the Priestess Pinaria. The Vestal Urbinia was also known to have been beaten unconscious before being buried alive in 471 BC.
 

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Gabriel Roman arena 378-1-.jpg Petronilla 01VAR.jpg

PETRONILLA OF ROME CRUCIFIED AND TORTURED


Aurelia Petronilla lived in Rome at the end of the Ist Century. She was a member of a patrician family, the Flavii, and possibly a relative of the martyr Flavia Domitilla. Beyond that, little is known about her. It is likely that she fell victim to the persecution of Emperor Domitianus. She has been venerated as a virgin martyr at least since the Vth Century.
According to an old legend a Roman official desired to marry her, but had her arrested and tortured to death when she refused him.
The "Legenda Aurea" considers her the daughter of St. Peter, which is due to a misinterpretation of her name, and states that Petronilla managed to kill herself by intensive prayer before she could be arrested and tortured.
According to other authors, Petronilla was tied to a cross and tortured with iron hooks. Finally she was beheaded.
 
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Gabriel Roman arena 310-1-.jpg

SLAVES PROCULUS AND MASSENTIA SLOWLY BURNED FOR ARSON

In Roman times, arson was among the most serious crimes because it endangered the whole community. Cities were firetraps. There were few free-standing buildings and the streets were extremely narrow so fires spread quickly. Consequently, the citizenry took a dim view of anyone who would deliberatle set a building ablaze.

In 217 a.D. there was a huge fire in the city of Aquileia (Northern Italy). Almost half of the city buidings were destroyed or seriously damaged.

The raging anger of the people concentrated on a couple of slaves: Proculus and Massentia, who were married and were at the service of the wealthy patrician Caius Flaccus Metrinus. The two unfortunate slaves were arrested and led into the arena, where they were slowly burned to death.
 
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Gabriel Roman arena 383-1-.jpg

DOROTHEA OF CAESAREA TORTURED WITH TORCHES AS A CHRISTIAN REBEL

Dorothea fell victim to the persecution of Diocletianus in 311 in her hometown, Caesarea in Cappadocia, when she refused to sacrifice to the Emperor. She was consequently tortured and sentenced to death. What exactly was done to her is not quite clear; most reports mention burning with flaming torches.

The legend tells that she had taken a vow to remain a virgin, because she considered herself a bride of Christus. A pagan observer named Theophilus mocked her on her way to the execution, asking her to send some flowers from the garden of her bridegroom. Shortly thereafter a child brought him some roses — in mid-winter! He publicly admitted that Dorothea had been right, and was promptly executed.

Dorotea - 002.jpg Dorotea 436658585.jpg Dorotea 475695995.jpg Dorotea - 001Bpart.jpg Dorotea 56844994.jpg
 
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